Вопросы по грамматике немецкого языка
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03.01.2012 15:06:27

Forming nouns from verbs

 
adman
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Зарегистрирован: 14.10.2011 13:20:07
Hi All,

When forming nouns from verbs, one can use the ‘–en’ ending or ‘–ung’. Is there a rule saying when each is possible? And is there a difference in meaning?

Thanks in advance,

adman
 
06.01.2012 13:25:13

Re: Forming nouns from verbs

 
fredbär
 
 
 
 
 
 
Сообщения: 361
Зарегистрирован: 02.10.2011 09:59:52
Hallo adman,

Not sure if there's a rule, but there is a difference in meaning;

e.g. sammeln

Das Briefmarkensammeln = stamp collecting

Die Briefmarkensammlung = stamp collection

Hope that helps.

Regards,

fredbär
 
30.01.2012 05:15:24

Re: Forming nouns from verbs

 
keyzge64
 
 
 
 
 
 
Сообщения: 2
Зарегистрирован: 30.01.2012 02:47:26
So, to further the question, does that mean that the German -en ending is equivalent to the English -ing, and the German -ung to the English whatever is a result of the verb (when you collect stamps, you develop a stamp collection)?

Thanks.
 
31.01.2012 13:55:04

Re: Forming nouns from verbs

 
fredbär
 
 
 
 
 
 
Сообщения: 361
Зарегистрирован: 02.10.2011 09:59:52
Hi,

yes, I think that the –en ending is usually the noun for the activity (so in English we’d probably use the gerund), while the –ung ending tends to be the noun describing the result of the activity.

e.g.
Das Kochen = cooking (Das Kochen macht spaß)
Das Spielen = gambling or playing.

Die Entscheidung = decision.
Die Leistung = perfomance.

But I suspect there are lots of exceptions (there usually are! :) )

Hope that helps.

Regards,

fredbär

How charmed I am when I overhear a German word which I understand! - Mark Twain
 
03.02.2012 23:01:34

Re: Forming nouns from verbs

 
le prof
You take the verb, write it with a capital first letter and - voilà - you have the noun. The gender is always "das" if I am not mistaken.

arbeiten - das Arbeiten > Arbeiten macht müde.
schwimmen > Schwimmen strengt an.

kochen > Kochen macht Spaß. / Das Kochen übernehme ich.

Etc.
 
 

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